Translogistics Blog

TLI University: Volume

May 7, 2020

Written By: Translogistics

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Welcome to TLI University!

With more than 20 years in the industry we thought it was time to pass along some of the knowledge that helped us get to where we are today. This is a weekly publication aimed to educate anyone who is curious about transportation and shipping.

This week continues the topic of Less Than Truckload, discussing Volume LTL and the characteristics of this type of shipment. 

This information can also be found in our printable version of Transportation 101. Please visit to download today!


What is Volume LTL?

  • Volume LTL shares all of the characteristics, language and accessorials as LTL and the service is performed by the same LTL carriers such as R&L Carriers and New Penn Motor Express
  • Volume LTL quotes should be considered to compare to standard LTL rates when a shipment consists of more than 6 standard pallets (48”x40”), more than 6,000 lbs or occupies more than 12 feet or a trailer
  • Each individual LTL carrier has a limit of how many linear feet of the trailer they will allow to be used on a single shipment and still consider the shipment a standard LTL shipment - once the limit above 6 pallets, 6,000 pounds and 12 feet of the trailer has been reached, it will need to be determined if the selected carrier will allow a shipment to ship as standard LTL
  • Requesting a Volume LTL quote is of utmost importance when a shipment weighing less than 6 pounds per cubic foot occupies more than 750 cubic feet of a trailer – shipping a shipment via standard LTL that meets these criteria results in a Cubic Capacity penalty which may greatly increase freight charges and thereby potentially result in losses to Translogistics if quoted to a client incorrectly
  • Special attention also needs to be paid to determine what cargo liability is provided as standard insurance by the LTL carrier on Volume quotes – if the standard cargo liability is insufficient to meet the customer’s needs, additional insurance rates should be requested from the carrier – standard liability for a Volume LTL shipment is $1.25 per pound
  • Unlike standard LTL rates that are contracted and loaded into TMS, Volume quotes need to be quoted from an LTL company on every occurrence – two shipments identical in every way may be quoted differently if shipped on two different days by the same carrier – quotes are provided by LTL carriers based on the carrier’s needs for a particular day


What is a Pallet?

  • A pallet is the standard method of transporting product in the transportation industry
  • The pallet is generally constructed of wood, but may also be constructed of metal, fiberboard or heavy duty cardboard
  • Wooden pallets that ship internationally are generally required to be heat treated or dipped in a solution to render them resistant to insect infestation
  • A standard pallet is generally 48” long and 40” wide or 48” long and 48” wide, but there are many variations of pallet sizes

A standard pallet (empty) and a standard pallet (with product) is pictured below:




For more information on the transportation industry, check out our

printable guide that includes this volume section!


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